Table of properties of metals and alloys

Property Definition Note
Metallic luster The ability of the metal surface to reflect the light rays indium and silver reflect light better than other metals, therefore they are used in making mirrors
Density, ρThe physical quantity measured by the ratio of body weight to its volume the lightest metal - lithium: ρ = 530 kg/m3;
the heaviest - Osmium: ρ = 22600 kg/m3
Hardness, Н The ability (property) of a solid body to resist the penetration of the other body the softest metals: potassium, rubidium, sodium, cesium (are cut with a knife); the hardest metal - silicon (cuts glass)
Plasticity The ability of the body to change its shape under the influence of external forces without destruction Foil with a thickness of 0.003 mm can be made of plastic gold


Material Analog Brinell hardness,
(HB -10)
Aluminium and its alloys G-AISi 12 (GK-AlSi12g)
GD-AlSi12 (Cu)
GK-AlSi10Mgwa
G-AlSi10Mg (Cu)
245-310
Titanium and its alloys
ВТ1-00
ВТ6С
3.7025
LT31
716-800
Vanadium and its alloys
V
628-630
Nickel and its alloys 2.4060
NiMn2
702-715
Copper
Cu
690-701
Silver
Ag
Ag 245
Brass 2.1580 160
Steel with a carbon content of 0.45%
Steel 45
BDS 5785 207